Maremma is a vast geographic area between Tuscany and Lazio, facing the Thyrrenian sea. It is hard to clearly delimit this region, whose largest portion undoubtedly resides in Tuscany. There are two portions within this area, the Alta Maremma encompassing parts of Pisa, Livorno, and Piombino, and the Grosseto Maremma. The latter includes portions of the province of Grosseto, the Gulf of Follonica, Chiarone, the Argentario, and the lower Ombrone valley. Four rivers divide the Grosseto Maremma into four parts, the plane of Pecora river, the plane of Ombrone river, that of Albenga river, and the plane of Fiora river.
The climate of Maremma is very Mediterranean along the coast, becoming more and more continental while moving inland. Thanks to the nearby Elba and Corsica Islands the coast enjoys many sunny days and scarce precipitations with annual average temperatures along the coast of 16 Celsius and almost never below zero or beyond 33 Celsius in summer.
Maremma is a land with an ancient and troublesome history. Prior to medieval settlements, it was inhabited by the Etruscans and Romans who left important traces that can be visited throughout the archaeological excavations in the region.
The economic development of the region was slow and often arrested by the scarce fertility of its land and the extensive swamps that spread malaria and caused many deaths. Several interventions dedicated to reclaiming the land from the waters concluded during the Fascist era, but had already been started during the grand ducal period.
Today’s Maremma is very different. It is a populated, agricultural, and breeding land where the Butteri, the Cowboys of Tuscany, preserve the Maremman horse breed. Here you will find many agritourisms and villas that posses these horses. A highlight of Maremma is its natural Park and the archaeological areas that have helped in preserving the natural landscape.